intro story Coast / Estuary

Coast / Estuary

Coastal systems are among the most dynamic physical systems on earth and are subject to a large variety of forces. The morphodynamic changes occurring to coastlines worldwide are of great interest and importance. These changes occur as a result of the erosion of sediments, its subsequent transport as bed load or suspended load, and eventual deposition. 
Estuaries are partly enclosed water bodies that have an open connection to the coast. Estuaries generally have one or more branching channels, intertidal mudflats and/or salt marshes. Intertidal areas are of high ecological importance and trap sediments (sands, silts, clays and organic matter).
Within the Delft3D modelling package a large variation of coastal and estuarine physical and chemical processes can be simulated. These include waves, tidal propagation, wind- or wave-induced water level setup, flow induced by salinity or temperature gradients, sand and mud transport, water quality and changing bathymetry (morphology). Delft3D can also be used operationally e.g. storm, surge and algal bloom forecasting. 
On this discussion page you can post questions, research discussions or just share your experience about modelling coastal and/or estuarine systems with Delft3D FM. 




Sub groups
D-Flow Flexible Mesh
Cohesive sediments & muddy systems



Message Boards

calculating FRACTIONS in delft3d/delwaq

James Bishop, modified 4 Years ago.

calculating FRACTIONS in delft3d/delwaq


I am trying to figure out how to calculate fractions in DELWAQ . I'm running Delft3D version 4.01.00, 10 layer model. In the D-Water Quality user manual there are instructions for calculating fractions in SOBEK, though nor Delft3D. I see two fractions options available in the Delft3D processes library, 1) fraction freshwater from constant discharge 2) fraction freshwater from variable discharge. How do I implement the fractions simulation? There are no units associated with the fractions substance. Am I to assign some arbitrary value for the fractions and treat it like a concentration? Or is it simply a matter of turning on the fraction simulation (by entering either a 1 or 0)?

The model has multiple sources of fresh inflow and a single source of saline inflow. The fresh and saline flows are boundary conditions and have variable discharge rates.

Michel Jeuken, modified 4 Years ago.

RE: calculating FRACTIONS in delft3d/delwaq (Answer)

Jedi Knight Posts: 154 Join Date: 1/21/13 Recent Posts
We have automatic fraction implemented for Delft3D Fm, but not yet for the structured FLOW. We are working on a connection between the structured FLOW en the new Water Quality user interface.

For the moment, for Delft3D 4.01.00, you can make a tracer file using the processes button, and under tracer and temperature select up to 5 tracers. But since no processes are involved, you could also use your own names in the sub-file if you edit it with a text editor your self. The format is quite simple I think (example attached).

The tric is then you use one of the stracers for initinial, and give an initial concentration of 1 for only this tracer, and then use one tracer for each source that you have, and give only a concentration of 1 for this tracer at this source, and zero for the others. Then you should have a fraction calcualtion, en the sum of al fractions -should- always be 1.


James Bishop, modified 4 Years ago.

RE: calculating FRACTIONS in delft3d/delwaq

Thanks Michel your suggestion worked great!